What is Speech and Language?

SPEECH is how we say sounds and words. Speech includes:

Articulation (patterns of articulation are phonology):

- How we make speech sounds using the mouth, lips, and tongue. For example, we need to be able to say the “r” sound to say "rabbit" instead of "wabbit.”

Voice:

- How we use our vocal folds and breath to make sounds. Our voice can be loud or soft or high- or low-pitched. We can hurt our voice by talking too much, yelling, or coughing a lot.

Fluency (stuttering):

- This is the rhythm of our speech. We sometimes repeat sounds and words, or pause while talking. People who do this a lot may stutter.

 

Learn more about articulation and error patterns here: http://mommyspeechtherapy.com/wp-content/downloads/forms/phonological_processes.pdf

 

LANGUAGE refers to the words we use and how we use them to share ideas and get what we want. Language includes:

What words mean (semantics):

- Some words have more than one meaning. For example, “star” can be a bright object in the sky or someone famous.

How to make new words (morphology):

- We can say "friend," "friendly," or "unfriendly" and mean something different.

How to put words together (syntax):

For instance, In English we say, "Peg walked to the new store" instead of "Peg walk store new."

What we say at different times (pragmatics):

We might be polite and say, "Would you mind moving your foot?" But, if the person doesn't move, or steps on us, we may say, "Get off my foot!"